Friedensreich Hundertwasser was an Austrian painter, architect and sculptor. Born in Vienna, he became one of the best-known contemporary Austrian artists, although controversial, by the end of the 20th century.
Hundertwasser's original and unruly artistic vision expressed itself in pictorial art, environmentalism, philosophy, and design of facades, postage stamps, flags, and clothing (among other areas). The common themes in his work utilized bright colors, organic forms, a reconciliation of humans with nature, and a strong individualism, rejecting straight lines. He remains sui generis, although his architectural work is comparable to Antoni Gaudí in its biomorphic forms and use of tile. He was inspired by the works of Egon Schiele from an early date, and his style was often compared to that of Gustav Klimt. He was fascinated with spirals, and called straight lines "the devil's tools". He called his theory of art "transautomatism", based on Surrealist automatism, but focusing on the experience of the viewer, rather than the artist.
Although Hundertwasser first achieved notoriety for his boldly-colored paintings, he is more widely renowned today for his revolutionary architectural designs, which incorporate natural features of the landscape, and use of irregular forms in his building design. Hundertwasserhaus, a low-income apartment block in Vienna, features undulating floors ("an uneven floor is a melody to the feet"), a roof covered with earth and grass, and large trees growing from inside the rooms, with limbs extending from windows. He took no payment for the design of Hundertwasserhaus, declaring that it was worth it, to "prevent something ugly from going up in its place".
He felt that standard architecture could not be called art, and declared that the design of any building should be influenced by the aesthetics of its eventual tenants. Hundertwasser was also known for his performance art, in which he would, for instance, appear in public in the nude promoting an ecologically friendly flush-less toilet.
Waldspirale Residential Complex
Photo by Joachim S. Müller
Waldspirale (wooded spiral in english) which is colorfully painted with earth tones, is located in Darmstadt, Germany and was built in the 90's. It features 105 units, a green roof, an inner courtyard and playground, small artificial lake, 1000 unique windows and unique handles on every door.
Photo byJoachim S. Müller
Hundertwasser Haus Vienna
Photo by .....antonio.....
The Vienna house features undulating floors, a roof covered with earth and grass, and large trees growing from inside the rooms, with limbs extending from windows. Hundertwasser took no payment for the design of the house, declaring that it was worth it, to prevent something ugly from going up in its place.
Within the house there are 52 apartments, four offices, 16 private terraces and three communal terraces, and a total of 250 trees and bushes. The Hundertwasser House is one of Austria's most visited buildings and has become part of Austria's cultural heritage
Spittelau District Heating Plant Vienna, Austria
Photo by loungerie
Being an environmentalist, Friedensreich originally refused the offer to redesign the exteroir of the Spittelau district heating plant, but when it was promised that the plant would be equipped with the most modern emission-purification technology, and that 60000 apartments would be heated whose emissions would otherwise be a further source of pollution, Hundertwasser agreed to do the design.
Photo by dugspr — Jetzt in Wien
Kunst Haus Wein
Photo from wikipedia
The Kunst Haus Wein houses a permanent collection of his own work along with changing contemporary exhibitions.
Photo from wikipedia
Photo by Ted Van Huisen
Located in the Nappa Valley, the Quixote Winery is Friedensreich only U.S. building.
Photo by Elise Bauer
Rogner Bad Blumua Hotel
Photo by 天曉得。
The Rogner Bad Blumua Hotel located in Styria, Austria. "Green roofs, round shapes, colouful facades and golden domes make up a spirited work of art in the middle of fields and madows."
Photo from blumau.com
The Green Citadel of Magdeburg
Photo by johnsam
One of the worldwide latest and greatest masterpieces of architecture by Friedensreich Hundertwasser, golden globes shine atop its towers, "tree tenants" look out of "dancing windows", scents waft from the wildflower meadows on the roofs, and "feet’s melodies" carry people through the courtyards.
Photo by johnsam
Photo by PieterMusterd
Image from Wikipedia
The Koru Flag has been proposed as a secondary flag for New Zealand. It was designed by Friedensreich Hundertwasser in 1983. It is claimed by some New Zealanders that the current flag of New Zealand is a reminder of British colonialism and does not truly represent their culture, however those who support the current flag say that it represents the history of the country as a part of the British Empire and location in the southern hemisphere.
As black is a traditional colour of the Māori, the flag has a black flagstaff on the left. There is a fern green spiral which starts by taking up the entire width of the flag but decreases gradually, splitting it diagonally and finally curling up into a spiral on the right side. This curling fern is based on a Māori pattern known as the koru, and the corresponding white spiral alludes to Aotearoa, a Māori name for New Zealand meaning Land of the Long White Cloud.
Hundertwasser also saw the design as representing humanity in harmony with nature.
Text quoted from Wikipedia