Diwali, the major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, was celebrated just a week ago. With the vibrant colors from this wonderful cultural day still fresh in our minds, we'll take a look at its significance and traditions.
The holiday is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs the world over. Also known as the Festival of Light, it gets its name from the Sanskrit word deepavali, which translates literally to "rows of clay lamps". Though the stories and myths behind Diwali vary across regions, Diwali is everywhere a celebration of the victory of good over evil. It is generally celebrated in October or November, but exact dates vary across cultures and communities. In 2007, it was celebrated on November 9.
Diwali festivities are spread over multiple days in some regions, during which celebrants explode fireworks, share sweets, and send greetings to friends and family. Women may have their hands decorated with henna designs. Homes are decorated with small lamps and colorful paper lanterns called diyas and kandils, important parts of Diwali decorations. In some parts of India, Hindus also create rangoli, intricate floor paintings made of colored tikka powder or sand. Rangoli designs are made up of an unbroken line, the idea being that there should be no gaps through which evil spirits can enter. Motifs are usually natural – animals, flowers, etc.— though they can also include geometric patterns.
by Kaushal Karkhanis
Are you on that deserted highway, being chased down by Sasquatch who is driving an orange VW bug again? Dream interpretation / analysis is what people use to help them figure out the meanings of their dreams. It is an old art, going back to the ancient societies of Egypt and Greece, where divine messages were thought to reach you through your dreams. Only people with special powers were able to decipher the hidden wisdom of these messages... Now days anybody can do it... but it doesn't hurt to think you have special powers.
In more recent years the study of our dreams was taken up by major Psychologists like Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. These two men had differing views and exactly what the symbols in our dreams meant, but both considered there to be great meaning to be extracted from this area of our subconscious mind. First we'll look at the meaning of colors in your dreams and then provide you with some basic dream symbolisms to help you unlock just what your subconscious is trying to tell you about the orange bug owning Sasquatch who keeps visiting you.
Color Symbolism in Basic Dream Interpretation
The below color associations in dream interpretation should be thought of as loose guides. First, think about what personal color associations you might have... ie, Blue can generally symbolizes truth and wisdom... but if your high school football team wore blue jerseys and the varsity jocks stuffed you in a locker every morning... you might have a different personal reaction to the color blue.
Eons of meteorite impacts on the lunar surface have left an amazing array of mineral deposits. Back in 1971, cartographers Don E. Wilhelms and John F. McCauley of the U.S. Geological Survey created a series of startlingly colorful lunar maps for NASA. The details below are from the Moon's near side. To see large and complete maps of the moon, see U.S. Geological Survey Website.
November has two modern birthstones, Yellow Topaz and Citrine. Both stones come in a variety of warm colors... yellow, orange, red, brown. The name Topaz even comes from the Sanskrit word for fire. Perhaps these warm hues are inspired by the fiery colors foliage turns before they fall for the winter months, or maybe these stones are an inspiration of the last bits of warmth before the chills of December...
Yellow Topaz is also the accepted anniversary gemstone for the 4th, 19th or 23rd year of marriage. Historically the stone was believed to be a source of strength and healing. In the Middle Ages topaz was through to cure both mental and physical ailments... and back further in Roman and Greek times it was thought to increase strength, improve eyesight and even make the wearer invisible.
Topaz is found in a variety of colors including: brown, red, orange, pink, sherry, yellow as well as colorless and is most often located in Brazil, Sri Lanka, Russia, Australia, Africa, Mexico and Pakistan.
Paganism is an umbrella term for a group of religions that venerate the Earth and Nature, and the ancient Pagan deities. These religions include Wicca, Druidry, Heathenry, Religio Romana, Animism, Shamanism, Eclectic Pagans and various other traditions. All of these traditions share an urge to celebrate life and to honour our connection with all other beings on the planet. Pagans often emphasise the cyclical nature of reality, and so enjoy the cycle of the seasons and the dance of Sun and Moon.
Green is the colour everyone immediately associates with Paganism. It is the colour of nature, of trees, and all growing things. It is associated with the Green Man, a symbol of our connection to Nature, and a manifestation of the life-force. Many Pagans also like the colour purple for its spiritual connotations (it is associated with the crown chakra). Interestingly, purple and green were also the colours of the suffragette movement.
The metals are traditionally associated with the heavenly bodies: gold for the Sun, silver for the Moon and the stars, mercury for Mercury, copper for Venus, iron for Mars, tin for Jupiter and lead for Saturn.
The white, red and and black colours of the Triple Goddess owe a lot to Robert Graves' seminal work The White Goddess. He derived it from the tendency of the Irish myths to declare those "otherworldly" colours in combination, such as the red-eared white cow that was Brigid's only food as an infant, the red, white and black oystercatcher that is called "Brigid's bird" or the red-eared white dogs that occur in so many stories as Otherworld animals.
Thailand is a country rich in color, and its cuisine is no exception. With its exotic amalgam of flavors and styles, Thai food is popular in many Western countries. Though the cuisine actually consists of four distinct regional styles (Northern, Northeastern, Central, and Southern), Thai meals all share a a philosophy of balance among the five fundamental flavors – hot, sour, sweet, salty, and bitter. The result is a colorful dining experience.
Colors of Thai Dishes
Pad thai is perhaps one of the best-known Thai dishes. It is usually made with stir-fried rice noodles, eggs, fish sauce, sugar, and tamarind pulp combined with a variety of vegetables or meat. In Thailand, it is sold everywhere from the highest-end restaurants to the smallest street vendor.
Som tum is a crunchy, spicy salad made with grated green papaya, chopped tomatoes, whole beans, chilies, pounded garlic, fish sauce, sugar, peanuts, and lime juice. Variations can be found throughout the country made with salted black crab, dried shrimp, salted fish, or white eggplant.
For most people, color is basic element of our daily lives that we use for comfort, inspiration, practicality, etc. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, phobias and irrational fears affect approximately 10% of adults. Some of those phobias relate to colors being the most terrifying thing imaginable... for those poor people, this color loving website would probably be hell-incarnate. Here are several color phobias and some of color associations with common and strange phobias.
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Chromatophobia - The fear of colors.
Chromatophobia is an abnormal and persistent fear of colors. Like most fears and phobias, the fear of color is created by the subconscious mind as a protective reaction. It was likely an emotionally traumatic event in ones past that was linked to colors in general or a specific color. Because the association of colors to that traumatic event is so strong, when subjected to colors later in life the unconscious mind brings up terrible feelings. The phobia affects people in different ways, with some experiencing the suffering all the time and others just to direct stimuli.
Specific Color Phobias:
Fear of the Color Red
Fear of the Color Orange
Fear of the Color Yellow
Fear of the Color Green
Fear of the Color Blue
Fear of the Color Purple
Fear of the Color White
Fear of the Color Black
Common and Strange Phobia Color Association
Coulrophobia - The fear of clowns.
Ablutophobia - The fear of washing or bathing.
The horror classic Psycho probably helped create this phobia. The shower scene is commonly rated as one of the scariest moments in movie history.
HP has been doing some very cool things around color lately. One thing I recently stumbled onto is their Color Thesaurus. You enter in a color name and it gives you 4 similar named colors and 4 opposite colors. I used the tool to create the basic color wheel info below, but dive in and find out what colors are similar to Rose, Grass, Aqua, Ivory, etc.
The results that are returned are a large color square with a rendering of the color if it was found. If the name was not found, for example “greeb” was entered, then the next nearest color name in terms of edit distance, in this case “green”, will be returned. So no you won’t have to remember how to spell fuchsia. In addition to the colored square are the corresponding RGB and hexidecimal values. Finally there is a note about how common the color name is. Below this are the color synonyms and antonyms. Each column has smaller color squares rendering the color names and the names with links so that you can easily click-through to these names. The results are based on analysis of 20,000+ color name database in English collected from a 20+ language ongoing online color naming experiment.
Almost all of us use Adobe products in our professional and hobby design lives, but the new release of CS3 made it very hard for developers and websites like ours to allow users to get their palettes into the CS3 suite of products. CS3 uses a new format for storing color palettes aka schemes / swatches and Adobe kept their .ase file format a secret so that only Adobe Kuler could export to this format... Well, we're not very good about NOT sharing the color love... so Chris our skilled code engineer poured over all the specifications and documentation on the file format to figure out how to share that .ase love with everybody.
The Adobe Swatch Exchange (.ase) File Format - Source Code
For any other color lovers, developers or creative individuals who would like their applications and websites to be able to spit out .ase color palettes...
Here is the .ASE Source Code we are using.
Downloading .ase Color Palettes from COLOURlovers
COLOURlovers has over 200,000 user created palettes with more than 25,000 being added monthly. Not only is the community a creative and fun place to share color ideas... those ideas can be used in several professional design programs.
The history of academic dress goes back hundreds of years to the chill universities where cap, gown and hood were needed for covering and warmth.
In 1321, the University of Coimbra mandated that all Doctors, Bachelors, and Licentiates must wear gowns. In the latter half of the 14th century, excess in apparel was forbidden in some colleges and prescribed wearing a long gown. By the time of England's Henry VIII, Oxford and Cambridge began using a standard form of academic dress, which was controlled to the tiniest detail by the university.
Not until the late 1800s were colors assigned to signify certain areas of study, but they were only standardized in the United States. European institutions have always had diversity in their academic dress, but American institutions employ a definite system of dress thanks to Gardner Cotrell Leonard from Albany, New York. After designing gowns for his 1887 class at Williams College, he took an interest in the subject and published an article on academic dress in 1893. Soon after he was asked to work with an Intercollegiate Commission to form a system of academic apparel.
The system Gardner Cotrell Leonard helped form was based on gown cut, style and fabric; as well as designated colors to represent fields of study.
For example, sleeves in the bachelor's gown are pointed, in the masters gown they are oblong and the arms project at the elbow, and in the doctor's gown they are bell shaped. Only the doctor's gown has velvet facing. The hood is lined with the official colors of the degree issuing institution and the outside trimming of the hood signifies the subject in which the degree was obtained:
|Arts, Letters, Humanities|
|Commerce, Accountancy, Business|
|Fine Arts, including Architecture|
|Forestry, Environmental Studies, Sustainability|
|Philosophy, Political Science|
|Public Administration, including Foreign Service|
|Veterinary Science, Husbandry|
For more about the history and guidelines from academic ceremony costumes, check out An Academic Costume Code and An Academic Ceremony Guide by the American Council on Education.
Are you ready to graduate and take on the world? If you've enjoyed this article and are looking for some college-related fonts and templates, check out Creative Market for some awesome downloads.